Installation Options


Click here for UEFI (Windows 8) installation instructions.

Guided Installation

Fatdog64 comes with an installer capable of installing to hard drive and flash drive. It provides guided step-by-step guide:
  1. To choose which device to install to:
    • You can choose hard drive or flash drive.
    • You can choose to format the chosen partition (=data loss) or leave it as is.
    • You can also run gparted to modify the partition.
    • For flash drive, you can install to a partition (e.g. sdb1) or to the entire flash drive, in "superfloppy" mode (e.g. sdb). We recommend you install to a partition.

  2. To choose whether you want to install a boot loader:
    • Install boot loader to Master Boot Record (MBR)
      (unsafe, can cause existing operating system to stop booting, but Fatdog64 will boot)

    • Install boot loader to the partition where Fatdog64 is installed
      (usually safe if Fatdog64 is the only operating system in the partition. If you do this on partition that has an existing operating system in it, that operating system may stop booting)

    • Use existing Operating System
      Only works for Windows 2000/XP/Vista/7. For Linux, please see below on manual installation note.

    • Do not install boot loader
      Note that Fatdog64 will not boot unless you install the boot loader. If you choose not to install a boot loader, you must do so manually yourself.

    If you choose to install a boot loader (to MBR or partition), the partition that contains Fatdog64 will also be made the "active" one and the one that will boot. If you have other operating systems installed in another partition - they may no longer boot.

  3. To choose installation sources:
    • From Fatdog64 CD/DVD
    • From ISO file downloaded from the Fatdog64 distribution
Fatdog64 installer supports installing to VFAT, FAT16, FAT32 (also known as MSDOS partition, usually used for flash drive), ext2/ext3/ext4 (Linux partitions, usually used on hard drive), and NTFS partition (Windows partition).

Note: Fatdog64 Installer is experimental code. It may cause data loss, or other installed operating systems to stop booting. Backup your data before you use it. Use at your own risk.

Manual Installation

Manual installation is good for upgrading an already installed system. All you need to do is copy two files from Fatdog CD/DVD: vmlinuz and initrd to where you previously installed Fatdog64 before, and overwrite them.

Manual boot loader configuration

If you already has a boot loader and don't want to bork it, you may choose to install Fatdog64 manually. Simply copy the two files above somewhere in your disk, adjust your boot loader configuration (grub.cfg / menu.lst / extlinux.conf / whatever) to load Fatdog64's vmlinuz kernel and initrd. Some examples below:

Example for menu.lst (GRUB and GRUB4DOS)

title Fatdog64
rootnoverify (hd0,0)
kernel /vmlinuz
initrd /initrd

Example syslinux.cfg (for syslinux, extlinux, pxelinux)

label Fatdog64
kernel vmlinuz
initrd initrd
That (hd0,0) refers to GRUB-style naming of the device and partition. If you're not sure what it means, Google is your friend.

Supported media / operating modes

Fatdog64 can be installed in several types of media and has a few operating modes.

Live CD/DVD

You don't have to install Fatdog64 to use it. You can just use the Fatdog64 CD/DVD as is. When you shutdown, you will be asked where to save your "session" (ie your changes, configuration settings, browser bookmarks, etc). You can choose to save in a flash drive, or in your hard drive. This session is saved in a file referred as the "savefile", its actual name can vary but it's usually called fd64save.ext4. Next time you want to start-up the computer it, just put the CD (also plug-in the flash drive if you put your savefile there) before you power-up your computer, and Fatdog will find and load-up the savefile - your environment will be just the same as it was when you shutdown previously.

Note: Fatdog64 loads completely into RAM. It means that after Fatdog64 completes the boot process, you can take out CD/DVD and put something else there (e.g to listen to music, watch movies). On the downside, this means you need to have enough RAM to load entire copy of Fatdog64 into memory --- minimum of 512MB is recommended.

Harddrive

You can install Fatdog64 to your hard drive. The installation method use by Fatdog64 is known as "frugal install", where instead of occupying a dedicated partition, it can use *any existing* partition, sharing it with existing data and/or operating system. All the installation does is to copy two files: vmlinuz and initrd, and configure the boot loader if you ask it to.

Operation in Harddrive mode is identical as in Live CD, except that you don't always have to carry the CD with you. The savefile can be in the harddrive or can be on flash drive. You can also modify the kernel command line parameters (please refer to Boot Options) to specify exactly where your savefile is so that Fatdog64 does not waste time looking for your savefile.

Flash drive

Also known as thumbdrive, usb stick.

For booting on UEFI (Windows 8) hardware click here.

Flash drive operates exactly Harddrive install. Flash drive needs to be formatted with VFAT/FAT16/FAT32 (MSDOS filesystem) or NTFS (Windows filesystem) or one of the Linux filesystems ext2/ext3/ext4 before it can be used to install/boot Fatdog64. Other formats not supported.

Flash drive can be formatted just like a harddisk (ie multiple partitions), or it can be operated like one big storage (called "superfloppy" mode in Puppy Linux terms). If you use the installer, you can see the difference as follows: a flash drive formatted like harddisk will have partitions (e.g if your flash drive is identified as sdb, then it will have partitions named sdb1 (and possibly sdb2, sdb3 and so on), whereas a flash drive prepared in superfloppy mode does not have partitions.

Fatdog64 supports both, but sometimes your BIOS (your computer firmware that controls your computer before any operating system is loaded) may not. You can try whichever one that works.

You can use Fatdog64 installer to change between your flash drive between harddisk mode or superfloppy mode (warning: data loss). If you want to use standard harddisk partitioning, use Gparted ("Modify Partitions" from the installer) to create partitions in your flash drive if one does not exist and then format that partition (usually Gparted will do that for you too). If you want to use superfloppy mode, choose the "disk" device of your flash drive (e.g. sdb, not sdb1) and then format it.

Once special concern with flash drive is that they have limited number of writes that can be done on them, usually arount 10,000 for cheap ones. After this number of writes have been done, they will start to fail in unpredictable manner. While you think you may not do 10,000 writes, as part of operating system operation it writes a lot of times behind your back (especially if you use journaling filesystems like ext3/ext4 or NTFS).

Session saving control

Fatdog64 address this by using the RAM layer - writes are stored into memory, and only once every 30 minutes or so (configurable) the changes will actually be flushed and written to the flash drive. This helps to extend the life of flash drive considerably. It also makes operations faster, as flash drive is a slow device when it comes to writing stuff to it. In this way, you will only notice the delay during the periodic saving. This is all good stuff but like everything in the world, it has a downside: if you lose power, you can lose up to 30 minutes (or whatever period you set) of your work. If this is not acceptable, don't use flash drive, get a portable harddrive instead.

This feature to all savefile operation - not only flash drives, but also to regular drives and network drives. The periodic saving can also be disabled, making you fully in charge of whether or when to save changes. (You can save by clicking the big red "Save" button on the desktop). You can choose not to save the session at all if you wish - whatever you did during your session will be thrown away and you start fresh when you use your computer next time.

Unlike Puppy Linux, Fatdog64 does not try to automatically enable RAM layer feature for flash drive. You need to specifically enable RAM layer (please refer to Boot Options).

Multisession DVD+RW / DVD+R / DVD-R

Running Fatdog from Multisession DVD+RW is just like running Fatdog from Live CD/DVD, except that the session can be saved directly to your DVD+RW --- not flash drive or hard drive. During shutdown, your changes will be compressed and written as SFS file on the disc, and it will be loaded again the next time you reboot. Note that all the session data is loaded into RAM - so you need to have quite a bit of it. Once the system boots up, you can take out the DVD+RW - just like Live CD/DVD. You will be reminded to put it back in at shutdown time.

When the disc is full, all you need to do is burn another copy of Fatdog64 on a new optical disc, then use this disc when prompted to insert the disc. Fatdog64 will save your old session as well as the new session on the new disc.

Multisession is enabled by passing multi parameter on the kernel command line parameter.

Note 1: The following optical disc types have been tested and known to work: DVD+RW, DVD+R, DVD-R. CDs are not supported.

Note 2: Multisession DVD+RW is an oxymoron. DVD+RW in fact does not have nor support "multisession" as it is defined for CD or DVD-R. But the result of running in this mode is similar to running traditional multisession, so we keep this term.

Note 3: At this stage, support for multisession is still rough. There is no warning on whether the disc is full, and when the disc is full, you need to manually burn a new copy of Fatdog64 to before saving the session.

Advanced installation options

These will only be discussed briefly. Starting from Fatdog64 600, the following installation options are available:

Copy ISO file directly flash drive

Fatdog64 ISO file is an isohybrid image. In addition to burning it to CD/DVD, it can be imaged directly to a flash drive. When done this way, the flash drive will work exactly like a Live CD.

Savefile encryption

Savefile can be encrypted. This is asked during its creation during shutdown. During boot, the system will ask for the password. If the password is wrong the system will continue to boot without the savefile. The cipher used for encryption is AES, in the future it may be configurable.
Note: When using savefile encryption, only ext2 filesystem can be used.

"Underdog" feature

Fatdog can mount and use other existing Linux operating system as part of its own filesystem. In this way, it can use many of that operating system as it it its own. In Puppy Linux terms, this is called as "underdog" feature. Changes done can either be saved directly to that system, or saved and stored in a separate savefile so that the original operating system is unaffected.

Remote savefiles

Savefiles can be stored not only in local devices. They can be stored in remote systems, using either CIFS (aka SAMBA / Windows shares), or NBD (network block device).

Netboot

Fatdog can be directly booted by pxelinux directly from the ISO file, using memdisk. A simple configuration looks like this:

pxelinux.cfg/default

default fatdog
label fatdog
kernel memdisk
initrd fatdog64.iso
append iso raw
Or you can still use the standard netboot options by extracting vmlinuz and initrd and specify them directly without using memdisk. Fatdog64 only requires these two files to boot, in Puppy Linux term, Fatdog64's initrd is called "humongous initrd".
Using memdisk is easy, but using extracted files is more flexible because you can configure the kernel command line to pass to Fatdog64 (which isn't possible when you use memdisk).

Multisession with harddrive

Multisession feature is available not only for DVD+RW, but also for harddisk. This way, every session is saved as a separate SFS file (which can be opened and reviewed independently). Unwanted session files can simply be deleted.

Unsupported installation options from previous Fatdog64 versions

Multisession CD

Multisession with CD is not supported. Systems capable of running Fatdog64 usually comes with DVD writer anyway, so this usually is not a concern.

Multisession DVD

Multisession with DVD-R/DVD+R/DVD-RW is not supported. It might work but it is untested.

Full Install

is where the compressed files from the install CD is expanded and copied to harddisk, to a dedicated partition. This is the normal mode of installation for mainstream Linux system, such as Ubuntu or Fedora. Fatdog64 does not support this mode of installation.